Mononuclear Phagocyte Regulation by the Transcription Factor Blimp-1 in Health and Disease

August 16, 2020

Isabel Ulmert, Luís Henriques‐Oliveira, Carlos‐Filipe Pereira, Katharina Lahl

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Blimp‐1, the transcription factor encoded by the gene Prdm1, plays a number of crucial roles in the adaptive immune system, which result in the maintenance of key effector functions of B and T cells. Emerging clinical data, as well as mechanistic evidence from mouse studies, has additionally identified critical functions of Blimp‐1 in the maintenance of immune homeostasis by the mononuclear phagocyte system. Blimp‐1 regulation of gene expression affects various aspects of mononuclear phagocyte biology, including developmental programs such as fate decisions of monocytes entering peripheral tissue, and functional programs such as activation, antigen presentation, and secretion of soluble inflammatory mediators. The highly tissue‐, subset‐, and state‐specific regulation of Blimp‐1 expression in mononuclear phagocytes suggests that Blimp‐1 is a dynamic regulator of immune activation, integrating environmental cues to fine‐tune the function of innate cells. In this review, we will discuss the current knowledge regarding Blimp‐1 regulation and function in macrophages and dendritic cells.